Symmetry and general appearance,decidedly square and coby.A
lean ,leggy pug and dog with short legs and a long body are equally
The pug should be mutum in Parvo(much in little)and this
condensation (if the word may be used) should be shown by
compactness of form,well-knit proportions,and hardness of
Weight fro 14-18lbs.(6.3-8.1 kgs)male or female
The head is medium to large,round~not apple headed. With no
indentation of the Skull the eyes are drown to dark in color,very
large,bold and prominent,globular in shape.,soft and solicitous in
expression,very lustrous,and when excited,full of fire..The ears are
thin,small,soft like black Velvet there are two kinds-the rose and the
The wrinkles are medium to large and deep.The muzzle is short,bunt
square,but not up faced.
A pugs bite should be very slightly undershot.Both front rows of teeth
should be straight between the canines.
the neck is slightly arched.It is strong,thick,and with enough length to
carry the head proudly.
The short back is level from the withers to the high tail set.The body
is short and coby,blunt square,but not up-faced.
The legs are very strong, straight,of moderate length,and are set
well under.Tthe elbows should be directly under the withers when
viewed from the side.The shoulders are moderately laid back.The
pasterns are strong,neither steep,The feet are neither so long as the
foot of the hare,nor so round as that of the cat;well split-up toes,and
the nails dark.Declaws may or may not be removed.
The strong,powerful hindquarters have a moderate bend of stifle,and
short hock,perpendicular to the ground..The legs are parallel when
viewed from Behind hindquarters are in balance with the
forequarters.Thighs and buttocks are full and muscular.
The coat is fine,smooth,soft,short and glossy,neither hard nor woolly.
The colors are Fawn,apricot fawn,or black.
The fawn and Apricot fawn colors should be decided so as to make a
contrast complete between the color and the trace,and the
mask.(fawn being more creamy,and apricot being more of a warm
color like sunshine or golden.)
The Black is glossy in the sunshine.
The markings are clearly defined,the muzzle or mask.ears moles on
cheeks,thumb ,mark, or diamond on forehead,and the mask trace
should be as black as possible.The mask should be Black the more
intense and well defined it is the Better the trace is a black line
extending from the occiput to the Tail except in the brindle there is
Gait viewed from the front,the forelegs should be carried well forward
showing no weakness in the pasterns,the paws landing squarely
with the central toes straight ahead. The rear action should be
strong and free through hocks and stifles,with no twisting or turning
in or out at the Joint side hind legs should follow in line with the front.
There is a slight natural convergence limbs both fore and aft. A
slight roll of the hind quarters typifies the gait which should be
free,self assured and ,jaunty.
Temperament This is an even tempered breed,exhibiting
stability,playfulness,great charm,dignity,and an
Scale of Points
symetry 10 10
size 5 10
condition 5 5
body 10 10
Legs and feet 5 5
muzzle 10 10
Ears 5 5
Eyes 10 10
Wrinkles 5 5
Tail 10 10
Colour 5 10
Total 100 100
The Pug breed has a long, dignified history. Its charming features
have been portrayed on some famous paintings. For example,
William Hogarth's painting in 1730 of a black pug in "House of
Cards." William Hogarth was an owner of pugs and used them many
times in his paintings. The pug has flourished true to breed from
before 400 B.C. It is believed that this breed of dog had its origins in
China. The Chinese, when overseeing a breeding or whelping,
would specifically look for either wrinkles or coat markings that would
form characters from the Chinese language. The Pug's forehead
wrinkles would be checked for the formation of the "W" shape, which
resembles the Chinese character for "Prince." The development of
the Pug as a breed is shrouded in oriental mystery and speculation.
What is known is that the Pug became beloved companions of
royalty. It is believed that the sailors from the Dutch East India
Company were the first to bring the Pug to Holland. The saying,
"Multo in Parvo" ("a lot of dog in a small space") certainly does apply
to this dog. The Pug has the heart and soul of a canine many times
A story published in 1618, in Sir Roger William's "Action in the Low
Countries", tells of an incident involving a beloved Pug belonging to
William the Silent of Holland's House of Orange. It is believed the
incident occurred sometime between 1571 and 1573, during a time
of war between the Dutch and the Spaniards. The occasion was a
surprise Spanish attack on the Dutch camp. The Pug, whose name
is believed to be Pompey, awakened his master, before any of his
men realized the Spaniards were attacking, by scratching, crying and
leaping on Prince William the Silents face. The Prince avoided
capture and the Pug was revered throughout the kingdom. This
proud little dog became the symbol of Holland's House of Orange.
One hundred years after Prince William the Silents adventure, his
great-grandson, William III and Mary II, ascended the throne of Great
Britain (1688). They brought with them the family pets, the symbols
of the House of Orange, the beloved Pugs. Each with an orange
ribbon tied about its neck.
In time the Pug Dog became known throughout Europe. Of course,
not everyone called it a Pug. Some of the other names it was known
Ha Ba Goa (Old Chinese)
Mops Hond (Dutch)
Mops Hund (German)
Carlin, Doguin (Old French)
Dutch Mastiff (English)
Smutmhadra (Irish Gaelic) literally means "stumpy dog"
Moving to the first half of the nineteenth century two strains appear
to have dominated the Pug genetic lines. The earliest bloodline was
the Morrison. This strain is said to be founded on the blood of royal
dogs, presumably those of Queen Charlotte, wife of George III.
The other prominent strain was that of Lord and Lady Willoughby
d'Eresby. They imported dogs from either Russia or Hungary, and
they were employed to bring about the badly needed improvement in
type. The dogs bred by Mr. Morrison and the Willoughby d'Eresy
were of greatest importance from the years 1840 onwards. Today it
is still common to speak of a Willoughby Pug, a cold fawn color, or a
Morrison Pug, a golden apricot shade.
Pugs first came to America shortly after the American Civil War. By
1885 Pugs were being shown throughout the country. By the turn of
the century Pugs slowly became less popular as other imported
breeds became known and were being seen. The American Kennel
Club Stud Books show that for the years 1900 through 1920, only a
handful of breeders were registering their Pugs, and some shows
had no Pug entries at all.
It was in 1931 that a group of East Coast breeders and exhibitors
decided to form a Pug Dog Club of America and on December 1,
1931 the club was formally recognized by the American Kennel Club.